# HDU 5113 Black And White

• 2018-08-14
• 19
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## Description:

In mathematics, the four color theorem, or the four color map theorem, states that, given any separation of a plane into contiguous regions, producing a figure called a map, no more than four colors are required to color the regions of the map so that no two adjacent regions have the same color.
— Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In this problem, you have to solve the 4-color problem. Hey, I’m just joking.

You are asked to solve a similar problem:

Color an N × M chessboard with K colors numbered from 1 to K such that no two adjacent cells have the same color (two cells are adjacent if they share an edge). The i-th color should be used in exactly ci cells.

Matt hopes you can tell him a possible coloring.

## Input:

The first line contains only one integer T (1 ≤ T ≤ 5000), which indicates the number of test cases.

For each test case, the first line contains three integers: N, M, K (0 < N, M ≤ 5, 0 < K ≤ N × M ).

The second line contains K integers ci (ci > 0), denoting the number of cells where the i-th color should be used.

It’s guaranteed that c1 + c2 + · · · + cK = N × M .

## Output:

For each test case, the first line contains “Case #x:”, where x is the case number (starting from 1).

In the second line, output “NO” if there is no coloring satisfying the requirements. Otherwise, output “YES” in one line. Each of the following N lines contains M numbers seperated by single whitespace, denoting the color of the cells.

If there are multiple solutions, output any of them.

4
1 5 2
4 1
3 3 4
1 2 2 4
2 3 3
2 2 2
3 2 3
2 2 2

## Sample Output:

Case #1:
NO
Case #2:
YES
4 3 4
2 1 2
4 3 4
Case #3:
YES
1 2 3
2 3 1
Case #4:
YES
1 2
2 3
3 1

### 题目链接

dfs（深度优先搜索）枚举所有情况搜索解，这里在搜索的时候有一个很重要的剪枝（看代码）。